|Latin name||Cymbopogon citratus|
|Synonyms||Andropogon citratus, A. schoenthus, West Indian Lemongrass, Antropogon flexiosus, Cymbopogon flexuosus, East Indian lemongrass.|
|Plant family||Poaceae (Gramineae)|
|Extraction||Steam distillation, fresh partially dried leaves (grass), finely chopped.|
|Origin||Native to Asia, two main types, western Indian and Eastern Indian.|
|Plant characteristics||Fast growing, tall, aromatic perennial grass up to 1.5 meters high, producing a network of roots and rootlets that rapidly exhaust the soil.|
|Oil characteristics||A yellow-amber or reddish-brown mobile liquid with a fresh, grassy-citrus scent and an earthy undertone. (West Indian lemongrass tends to darker than the Eastern Indian type).|
|Traditional use||Lemongrass was employed in traditional Indian medicine for infectious illness and fever. In India it was believed to be effective as a sedative on the central nervous system. It was also used as an insecticide and for flavouring food, and after distillation the exhausted leaves were used locally to feed the cattle.|
|Blends well with||Most citrus oils and also uplifts those with a flowery note.|
|Cautions and comments||Non-toxic, possible dermal irritation and/or sensitization in some individuals – use with care.|
|Main chemical constituents||Citral (66-85%) , myrcene (12-25%), among others.
Eastern Indian Lemongrass can have up to 85% citral.
How to use?
4-5 drops in bath, on tissue or in a vaporiser. 15 drops in 50ml carrier.
WARNING – do not apply undiluted or internally. Keep away from children and eyes. Store in a cool, dark place.