Latin name: Mentha spicata
Synonyms: M. viridis, common spearmint, garden spearmint, spire mint.
Plant family: Lamiaceaa (Labiatae)
Extraction: Steam distillation of the flowering tops.
Origin: Medditeration region, but now common throughout Europe, western Asia and the Middle East. (France)
Plant characteristics: a perennial herb that is hardy branched with bright green, lance-shaped, sharply toothed leaves with pink or lilac coloured flowers in slender cylindrical spikes. It has quickly spreading underground runners.
Oil characteristics: a spicy-herbaceous, minty odour and a pale yellow or olive mobile liquid.
Traditional use: Spearmint is valued all over the world as a culinary herb. The ancient Greeks used it as a restorative and to scent their bath water. The distilled water has also been used to relieve hiccough, colic, nausea, indigestion, and flatulence.
Blends well with: Lavender, lavandin, jasmine, eucalyptus, basil and rosemary essential oils. It is often used in combination with peppermint as it’s properties resemble those, however, its effects are less powerful.
Cautions and comments: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitizing.
Main chemical constituents: L-carvone (50-70%), dihydrocarvone, phellandrene, limonene, menthone, menthol.
How to use?
4-5 drops in bath, on tissue or in a vaporiser. 15 drops in 50ml carrier.
WARNING – do not apply undiluted or internally. Keep away from children and eyes. Store in cool, dark place.